A Vartan Limited operates under the trading name of Vartan Ravenscroft (VR). VR is a bespoke investment management company which provides discretionary and advisory investment management services primarily to private clients, but also to trusts, charities, companies and pension funds. Occasional Execution Only transactions occur. VR is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) for all conduct and prudential matters. VR is owned 75% by Ravenscroft Limited (who is regulated by the Guernsey Financial Services Commission) and A. Vartan Ltd holding the remaining 25%. This disclosure document is published in accordance with the FCA rules concerning Pillar 3 disclosures.
The Basel III regulations, commonly referred to as CRD IV, revised the definition of capital resources and included additional capital and disclosure requirements for certain firms. This took effect from 1st January 2014; however VR as a firm remains subject to CRD III.
The FCA framework consists of three “Pillars”:
Pillar 1 is the minimum capital requirement set out by the Directive and instructed in the national discretions. The minimum capital requirement has three main components:
a) Market Risk (Market Risk Capital Requirement)
b) Operational Risk (Operational Risk Requirement) and
c) Credit Risk (Credit Risk Capital Requirement)
Pillar 2 is the capital adequacy assessment made by each individual firm. The adequacy of the firm’s minimum capital is no longer dictated by the regulatory minimum requirement and the firm must assess itself as to whether the capital it holds is adequate. This is achieved by the firm through its Internal Capital Adequacy Assessment Process (ICAAP) which quantifies the risks of certain events on the firm’s profitability and the impact on its ability to continue to operate.
Pillar 3 sets out disclosure requirements regarding capital and risk management. The disclosure requirements aim to complement the minimum capital requirements (Pillar 1) and the supervisory review process (Pillar 2) and aim to encourage market discipline by allowing market participants to assess key pieces of information on risk exposure and the risk assessment process of the firm.
We update our Pillar 3 disclosure on an annual basis, as soon as possible after the publication of our audited accounts in May. We will do this via our wesite. The disclosure does not form part of the audited accounts. In regards to the disclosure statement, the rules provide that we may omit one or more of the required disclosures if we believe that the information is immaterial. Materiality is based on the criteria that the omission or misstatement of material information could change or influence the assessment or decision of a user relying on that information for the purposes of making economic decisions.
The VR Board comprises:
Mark Bousfield (Director, Group Managing Director Ravenscroft Ltd)
Andrew Vartan (Director, VR CEO)
Michael Kenyon (Director)
Robin Newbould (Director, MD of BullionRock, Group Head of Execution & Advisory)
The VR Board meets quarterly and determines and oversees VR's strategy.
RISK MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES & POLICIES
The VR Board takes ultimate responsibility for the risks undertaken by the business. The board understands the need to understand the risks VR faces in the industry in which it operates and how to manage these effectively. VR has a strong risk culture. Risk management objectives and policies are a key driver within the overall business. These policies:
Are appropriate to the size, nature and complexity of transactions entered into by VR and its counterparties and reflect the expertise and quality of the firm’s monitoring capabilities, systems and processes.
Identify the risks to which the capital of VR is exposed.
Set down appropriate risk mitigation processes.
Articulate appropriate risk mitigation tools such as system checks and insurance cover.
To manage risk and meet VR's objectives, the Board with assistance from Compliance and Operations:
Oversee VR’s risk profile and actions taken to manage and mitigate the key risks facing the firm.
Ensure that the policies and procedures for conducting business are adequate and up to date.
Ensure appropriate internal controls are in place.
Co-ordinate any appropriate risk limits.
Assist the monitoring of conduct risk across VR and its effectiveness in the delivery of “treating customers fairly”.
Ensuring Business Risk assessments and the VR ICAAP are completed annually.
In addition, the overall risk management of VR is overseen by a separate Risk Committee.
VR has an overall conservative appetite to risk determined by the Board, which is applied to all areas of business activity and is reviewed regularly by the Board. Should any significant changes be made to the business strategy approach, the risk appetite will be reviewed by the Board.
Credit risk is the risk that a client or counterparty defaults. As the majority of client trades are settled via a delivery versus payment process, VR’s exposure to credit risk is incidental to its main business of investment management.
Market risk requirement covers market risk and foreign exchange risk. VR does not undertake any proprietary trading activity and is not therefore exposed to any market price risk other than occasional dealing errors. Also, VR does not run any interest rate mis-matches and is not exposed to trading book interest rate risk. Consequently the firm considers that it does not have any market risk and additionally as VR has no exposure to foreign currency the firm has no foreign exchange risk.
Operational risk is defined as the potential risk of financial loss or impairment to reputation resulting from inadequate or failed internal processes and systems, from the actions of people or from external events.
VR operates a robust risk management process. Processes and procedures are in place and available to all staff and are kept current. The Compliance Department undertake monitoring and in addition Professional Indemnity Insurance is held.
Liquidity risk is the risk that a firm’s cash flow is insufficient to meet its payment obligations as and when they fall due. Ravenscroft Limited operate and manage all cash and borrowing requirements for VR whilst ensuring VR has sufficient liquid resources to meet the continued operating needs of the business. This is supported by a robust budgeting and forecast process which has the full involvement of VR’s Board. VR does not rely on any debt financing.
The firm's overall regulatory requirements are determined after performing Pillar 1 capital calculations and assessing Pillar 2 capital requirements. VR has maintained surplus capital resources at all times to satisfy minimum capital resources.
VR has a process of monitoring its capital resource availability with comprehensive analysis of its capital requirements and potential risk exposures carried out within the firm’s Internal Capital Adequacy Assessment Process (ICAAP).
The ICAAP includes the results of various scenario analyses aimed at assessing the firm’s position under different scenarios. Based on the ICAAP, the firm expects to have sufficient capital to cover its requirements. The ICAAP is updated annually and reviewed and approved by the Board of VR.
VR holds sufficient monies to cover the capital requirement.
|At 31/12/19||At 31/12/18||At 31/12/17|
|Tier 1 Capital||2,434||2,430||2,568|
|Deductions from Tier 1 Capital||(1,868)||(1,868)||(1,868)|
|Total Tier 1 Capital After Deductions||566||563||701|
|Upper Tier 2 Capital||-||-||-|
|Lower Tier 2 Capital||-||-||-|
|Deductions from Tier 2 Capital||-||-||-|
|Deductions from Total of Tiers 1 and 2 Capital||-||-||-|
|Total Tier 1 Capital Plus Tier 2 Capital After Deductions||566||563||701|
|Total Tier 3 Capital||-||-|
|Deductions from Total Capital||(73)||(9)||(20)|
|Total Capital After Deductions||493||554||681|
|Pillar 1 Capital Requirement||348||312||243|
|Excess of Total Capital Over Capital Requirement||145||242||438|
VR has a Remuneration Policy which applies to the remuneration of all staff, including the two Executive Directors and the Compliance/MLRO incumbent, Approved Persons (CF30’s) and all other permanent staff.
VR operates a Remuneration Committee (Remco) comprising two Directors of the RL Board, both of whom are employees and Directors of Ravenscroft and the CEO of VR. Remco normally meets two times per year, or more frequently if required, in order to fulfil the Committee’s obligations and duties.
The Remco deals with all decisions regarding remuneration and identifying the “code staff” (members of staff whose activities have a material impact on the firm’s risk profile BIPRU 11.5.18R).
Quantitative information is not given on the grounds of individual privacy.
All remuneration is linked to the performance of the firm and the performance of the members of staff. Staff are measured against a number of criteria including regulatory based objectives.